Having won an international design competition in 2018, Space Syntax led an international, multi-disciplinary design team to apply a unique, outcomes-focused and evidence-based approach to the creation of a masterplan for the development of Nur-Sultan, the capital city of Kazakhstan. The design process involved the use of Space Syntax Integrated Urban Models to address a series of key questions:
The masterplan creates a comprehensive set of proposals for the physical development of the city enabling it to deliver a future vision, shaped by local stakeholders, of becoming a liveable, sustainable and healthy city.
Advanced analysis was used to identify spatial conditions associated with these outcomes in cities around the world, and then to translate these findings into a set of design principles. Digital and parametric design processes were used to translate these principles into spatial propositions which were continually analysed and refined.
The project sets out proposals across three scales: city scale strategies, opportunity area masterplans and tactical interventions.
– City-scale strategies use forecast population and employment growth to improve and intensify the city in key areas before extending it.
– In considering how to accommodate growth, a series of opportunity areas masterplans were developed. Detailed proposals for these areas were developed with the intention that they also provide the chance to introduce new models of development into the city, including private-lead redevelopment, public-private regeneration, and public-lead improvement.
– A series of small-scale, standardised, tactical improvements were proposed across the city. To enable the city to efficiently deliver these, Space Syntax created a bespoke GIS Plugin allowing city users to access advanced analysis and deploy improvements at scale across the city.
The 2030 masterplan demonstrates how the three key objectives can be delivered through a targeted set of development proposals, with scenario modelling showing that:
– Liveability is improved by enabling 20% more residents to walk to key services such as education and health facilities, by activating parks and the public realm as a series of vibrant social spaces, and by using urban form and massing to create a sheltered and comfortable environment at street level.
– Sustainability is improved through the development of policy roadmaps that enable the city to reach its emission and re-cycling rates, and through the application of technologies such as renewable energy generation and SUDS to opportunity areas.
– The city creates the conditions to enable healthy lifestyle by supporting daily activity, reducing average car-dependence by 10%, with some parts of the city now offering access to equal amounts of employment by active and public transport as by car.
The Nur-Sultan 2030 Masterplan draws on over 30 years of Space Syntax’s urban planning and design experience worldwide, incorporating principles of spatial planning and design that have been demonstrated through practice to deliver the liveable, sustainable and healthy outcomes of the project brief.
Capital of Kazakhstan since 1994, Nur-Sultan has a population of around 1m people, forecast to increase by 60% by 2030. The city is located in the centre of Kazakstan and experiences an extreme climate with temperatures ranging from -30◦c in winter to +30◦c in summer.
Jose Luis Krug
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